Being a mentee myself, Edumala Mentorship Program is a huge source of inspiration to the young professionals like us. And this mentorship has lot more to give. So, lets flourish this mentorship culture to whole new level.
Best of luck , to us , Edumala and ofcourse Dinesh Dai.


EduMala Mentoring Program

I am Dinesh Panday, a YPARD member as Nepal representative and Communication officer at YPARD Asia and Pacific Coordination Unit. I am 28 years old and currently pursuing PhD degree in Soil Science at University of Missouri- Columbia, United States.

The YPARD, where I am working, emphasizes the importance of youth to youth empowerment by networking and provides platform for information sharing and dissemination, as well as online and offline meetings and events. YPARD Nepal is a national chapter of YPARD, established in 2012 and currently 45 members are working as a national team including different agricultural development sectors.

We know that education is important, however, there are lots of things missing in education in terms of soft skills (like, interpersonal skills). If a young professional has lack of competency, we cannot think that s/he will be able to deliver right message to targeted audience or how others can be…

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Youth Engagement in Agriculture

Posted: January 7, 2016 in Agriculture

Youth is considered to be a change-maker for nation building as the strength of future development depends solely upon it. The future of any country is always predicated on its present youth productive force, as they are supposed be an integral part of socio-economic development.Currently around the world we’re living in an era where rapid urbanisation has led to a decline in rural populations and for the first time ever the majority of the world’s population lives in a city. With most young people around 85 percent living in developing countries, where agriculture is likely to provide the main source of income it is vital that young people are connected with farming.for YPARD Nepal

In the context of Nepal, National Youth Policy has considered youth as the age group of people between 16-40 years of age. The population status has mentioned that youths constitutes 38 percent of the total population of Nepal. Present trend has shown us that more than 3 million youths are working as migrant workers in countries except India. The number of migrant Nepalese working in India is even larger. According to National Youth Policy, about 400,000 youths hit the employment market every year.

Decades ago, agriculture was supposed to be the prior one but now in this new world agriculture suffers from entrenched negative perceptions. Most of the youth think agriculture as a back-breaking labour, without an economic pay-off and believed to have little room for career advancement. This might not be true but the plans and policies regarding the implementation are some loopholes which has created a vague perception.

Really, in the context of Nepal, regarding the National Youth Plans and Policies, several youth oriented programs have been drawn. Beside this, youth engagement in agriculture from each perspective seems to be beneficial. With the increase in population and their demand, the crisis seems to be common worldwide. In such, youth can only be the way out.

Although agriculture is not glamorous but its beauty is like an endless ocean like we would have boundless opportunities. One of my foreign friend told me that, I am blessed that I was born in developing country like Nepal. He added, any idea concept can get a space here.Engaging youth in agriculture has been a prominent topic recently and has risen up the development agenda, as there is growing concern worldwide that young people have become unsatisfied with agriculture.

Farming offers the young generation a chance to make a difference by growing enough food to feed the world. Youth can be a basis for national economy. Those who become farmers now have the opportunity to be the generation that end world hunger and alleviate malnutrition, as well as helping the sector adapt to climate change. There are many challenges ahead for the sector but if young people are offered education in agriculture, a voice at policy level, and in the media, and are engaged with innovations then the agriculture industry can attract youth again.So, engaging youth in agriculture can be a third eye for national economy.

With the declaration of ” International Youth Year: Participation, Peace  Development ‘ in 1985 by United Nation, with the objective to stimulate public  awareness of the needs and awareness of  young people, youth has received  proper attention and place in development scenario. In the context of Nepal, National Youth policy has considered youth as the age group of people between 16-40 years of age. National Youth Policy has mentioned that youths constitutes 38 percent of the total population of Nepal. More than 3 million youths are working as migrant workers in countries except India. The number of migrant Nepalese working in India is even larger. According to statistics, about 400,000 youths hit the employment market every year.
IYD_20152 copy

So to mark the problems related to youth and their involvement in agriculture, an interaction program was organized by YES Agriculture, Youth Innovation Wing, under the direction of Sailesh Sigdel at Institute of Agriculture & Animal Science (IAAS), Paklihawa Campus on the occasion of International Youth Day 2015. The interaction program gathered experts from Institute of Agriculture & Animal Science (IAAS), National Wheat Research Programme (NWRP), District Agriculture Development Office (DADO), District Livestock Service Office (DLSO), Plant Quarantine (PQ), Alumni, Lecturer and various personnel from NGOS and INGOS. The speakers shared their ideas and their views related to the situation of Youth in Nepal and their increasing involvement in Agriculture. They focused that youth development is an unconditional posture for nation building as the strength of future development of a nation depends solely upon it. The future of any country is always predicated on its present youth productive force. It is obvious that youth constitute the true wealth and the future of the country, addressing their hopes and aspirations must therefore be an integral part of socio-economic development. The forum discussed on some major problem faced by the youth such as:

  • Brain Drain
  • Less scope for self-employment
  • Poor Practical education
  • Imbalanced education and training
  • Inadequate opportunities for participation
  • Less knowledge about modern technology
  • Lack of sense of accountability and responsibility to family and society


The interaction program concluded that, there is a need to align youth economic empowerment to government policies, strategies and programmes. Financial support, training and facilities need to be provided in order to ensure young people’s active participation in decision-making, and development activities and programmes. Favourable environment need to be created and retained to increase investment in relevant training matching with job market and self-employment. Promotion of entrepreneurship among young women and men for the provision of better information on market opportunities, training in business skills, access to capital, mentoring by qualified persons, and other business support services. A strong bondage among different actors is required for it.

Housing System of Pig

Posted: January 19, 2015 in Agriculture

Pig are adaptCapture1able animals and will thrive in variety of housing system. A key to successful pig raising is to meet the environmental need of pig while minimizing the costs associated with housing system. Good housing system with good accommodation and all essential of pigs must be provided so that all animals can grow quickly and efficiently. This is only possible through scientific housing that includes the provision for fresh air, exercise, sunlight protection from inclement weather conditions. Pigs are very much susceptible to extremes of heat and cold and temperature variations and so are properly provided with heat regulating mechanisms.

Find more at : Practical 7


Posted: December 18, 2014 in Agriculture

Each ceCapturell of a living organism contains thousands of genes. But all genes do not function at a time. Genes function according to requirements of the cell. Genes control the phenotypic expression of various characters through the production of specific enzymes. Enzymes are special proteins which catalyse chemical reactions. The production or synthesis of a particular enzyme is not constant. It varies as per the requirement of the cell in other words, the synthesis of a particular enzyme is sometimes high and sometimes low depending upon the requirement of the cell. Thus, there exists an on-off system which regulates protein synthesis in all living cells. The precise study of this on-off mechanism is called regulation of gene action or regulation of gene expression or regulation of protein synthesis. Synthesis of enzyme depends mainly on two factors. In a degradative process, the synthesis of enzyme depends on the availability of the molecule to be degraded. If the molecule is in more quantity, the enzyme synthesis will be more and vice versa. In a biosynthetic pathway, the synthesis of an enzyme is governed by the end product. If the end product is more, the enzyme synthesis will be less and vice versa.


Sulawesi Wild PigPigs can harbour a range of parasites and diseases that can be transmitted to humans. These include trichinosis, Taenia solium, cysticercosis, and brucellosis. Pigs are also known to host large concentrations of parasitic ascarid worms in their digestive tract. The presence of these diseases and parasites is one reason pork meat should always be well cooked or cured before eating. Today trichinellosis infections from eating undercooked pork are rare in more technologically developed countries due to refrigeration, health laws, and public awareness. Some religious groups have dietary laws that make pork an “unclean” meat, and adherents sometimes interpret these health issues as validation of their views.

Find more at : Piglet Diarrhoea

Commercial Pig Farming in Nepal

Posted: December 5, 2014 in Agriculture

Pig farming in Nepigpal is not new in Nepal it has been accepted socially and culturally by certain ethnic groups. Pig farming trend is changing gradually due to urbanization some commercial and modern pig farming practice recently started in Nepal. Pigs on the farm are raise in clean, healthy, natural environment with plenty of moving vegetable fields and sustainable pasture. Pork has a distinctive flavor good for nature, good for animal welfare, good for the economy and ultimately safer for your family to eat. The native pig breeds of Nepal are Chwanche, Hurrah, Bampudke, Pakhribas black and Dharane kalo banggur etc. Exotic breeds of pigs are imported in Nepal since 1957 A.D like Landrace, Hampshire, Duroc and Yorkshire etc.

Find more at : BREEDS