Being a mentee myself, Edumala Mentorship Program is a huge source of inspiration to the young professionals like us. And this mentorship has lot more to give. So, lets flourish this mentorship culture to whole new level.
Best of luck , to us , Edumala and ofcourse Dinesh Dai.


EduMala Mentoring Program

I am Dinesh Panday, a YPARD member as Nepal representative and Communication officer at YPARD Asia and Pacific Coordination Unit. I am 28 years old and currently pursuing PhD degree in Soil Science at University of Missouri- Columbia, United States.

The YPARD, where I am working, emphasizes the importance of youth to youth empowerment by networking and provides platform for information sharing and dissemination, as well as online and offline meetings and events. YPARD Nepal is a national chapter of YPARD, established in 2012 and currently 45 members are working as a national team including different agricultural development sectors.

We know that education is important, however, there are lots of things missing in education in terms of soft skills (like, interpersonal skills). If a young professional has lack of competency, we cannot think that s/he will be able to deliver right message to targeted audience or how others can be…

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Youth Engagement in Agriculture

Posted: January 7, 2016 in Agriculture

Youth is considered to be a change-maker for nation building as the strength of future development depends solely upon it. The future of any country is always predicated on its present youth productive force, as they are supposed be an integral part of socio-economic development.Currently around the world we’re living in an era where rapid urbanisation has led to a decline in rural populations and for the first time ever the majority of the world’s population lives in a city. With most young people around 85 percent living in developing countries, where agriculture is likely to provide the main source of income it is vital that young people are connected with farming.for YPARD Nepal

In the context of Nepal, National Youth Policy has considered youth as the age group of people between 16-40 years of age. The population status has mentioned that youths constitutes 38 percent of the total population of Nepal. Present trend has shown us that more than 3 million youths are working as migrant workers in countries except India. The number of migrant Nepalese working in India is even larger. According to National Youth Policy, about 400,000 youths hit the employment market every year.

Decades ago, agriculture was supposed to be the prior one but now in this new world agriculture suffers from entrenched negative perceptions. Most of the youth think agriculture as a back-breaking labour, without an economic pay-off and believed to have little room for career advancement. This might not be true but the plans and policies regarding the implementation are some loopholes which has created a vague perception.

Really, in the context of Nepal, regarding the National Youth Plans and Policies, several youth oriented programs have been drawn. Beside this, youth engagement in agriculture from each perspective seems to be beneficial. With the increase in population and their demand, the crisis seems to be common worldwide. In such, youth can only be the way out.

Although agriculture is not glamorous but its beauty is like an endless ocean like we would have boundless opportunities. One of my foreign friend told me that, I am blessed that I was born in developing country like Nepal. He added, any idea concept can get a space here.Engaging youth in agriculture has been a prominent topic recently and has risen up the development agenda, as there is growing concern worldwide that young people have become unsatisfied with agriculture.

Farming offers the young generation a chance to make a difference by growing enough food to feed the world. Youth can be a basis for national economy. Those who become farmers now have the opportunity to be the generation that end world hunger and alleviate malnutrition, as well as helping the sector adapt to climate change. There are many challenges ahead for the sector but if young people are offered education in agriculture, a voice at policy level, and in the media, and are engaged with innovations then the agriculture industry can attract youth again.So, engaging youth in agriculture can be a third eye for national economy.

With the declaration of ” International Youth Year: Participation, Peace  Development ‘ in 1985 by United Nation, with the objective to stimulate public  awareness of the needs and awareness of  young people, youth has received  proper attention and place in development scenario. In the context of Nepal, National Youth policy has considered youth as the age group of people between 16-40 years of age. National Youth Policy has mentioned that youths constitutes 38 percent of the total population of Nepal. More than 3 million youths are working as migrant workers in countries except India. The number of migrant Nepalese working in India is even larger. According to statistics, about 400,000 youths hit the employment market every year.
IYD_20152 copy

So to mark the problems related to youth and their involvement in agriculture, an interaction program was organized by YES Agriculture, Youth Innovation Wing, under the direction of Sailesh Sigdel at Institute of Agriculture & Animal Science (IAAS), Paklihawa Campus on the occasion of International Youth Day 2015. The interaction program gathered experts from Institute of Agriculture & Animal Science (IAAS), National Wheat Research Programme (NWRP), District Agriculture Development Office (DADO), District Livestock Service Office (DLSO), Plant Quarantine (PQ), Alumni, Lecturer and various personnel from NGOS and INGOS. The speakers shared their ideas and their views related to the situation of Youth in Nepal and their increasing involvement in Agriculture. They focused that youth development is an unconditional posture for nation building as the strength of future development of a nation depends solely upon it. The future of any country is always predicated on its present youth productive force. It is obvious that youth constitute the true wealth and the future of the country, addressing their hopes and aspirations must therefore be an integral part of socio-economic development. The forum discussed on some major problem faced by the youth such as:

  • Brain Drain
  • Less scope for self-employment
  • Poor Practical education
  • Imbalanced education and training
  • Inadequate opportunities for participation
  • Less knowledge about modern technology
  • Lack of sense of accountability and responsibility to family and society


The interaction program concluded that, there is a need to align youth economic empowerment to government policies, strategies and programmes. Financial support, training and facilities need to be provided in order to ensure young people’s active participation in decision-making, and development activities and programmes. Favourable environment need to be created and retained to increase investment in relevant training matching with job market and self-employment. Promotion of entrepreneurship among young women and men for the provision of better information on market opportunities, training in business skills, access to capital, mentoring by qualified persons, and other business support services. A strong bondage among different actors is required for it.

Housing System of Pig

Posted: January 19, 2015 in Agriculture

Pig are adaptCapture1able animals and will thrive in variety of housing system. A key to successful pig raising is to meet the environmental need of pig while minimizing the costs associated with housing system. Good housing system with good accommodation and all essential of pigs must be provided so that all animals can grow quickly and efficiently. This is only possible through scientific housing that includes the provision for fresh air, exercise, sunlight protection from inclement weather conditions. Pigs are very much susceptible to extremes of heat and cold and temperature variations and so are properly provided with heat regulating mechanisms.

Find more at : Practical 7


Posted: December 18, 2014 in Agriculture

Each ceCapturell of a living organism contains thousands of genes. But all genes do not function at a time. Genes function according to requirements of the cell. Genes control the phenotypic expression of various characters through the production of specific enzymes. Enzymes are special proteins which catalyse chemical reactions. The production or synthesis of a particular enzyme is not constant. It varies as per the requirement of the cell in other words, the synthesis of a particular enzyme is sometimes high and sometimes low depending upon the requirement of the cell. Thus, there exists an on-off system which regulates protein synthesis in all living cells. The precise study of this on-off mechanism is called regulation of gene action or regulation of gene expression or regulation of protein synthesis. Synthesis of enzyme depends mainly on two factors. In a degradative process, the synthesis of enzyme depends on the availability of the molecule to be degraded. If the molecule is in more quantity, the enzyme synthesis will be more and vice versa. In a biosynthetic pathway, the synthesis of an enzyme is governed by the end product. If the end product is more, the enzyme synthesis will be less and vice versa.


Sulawesi Wild PigPigs can harbour a range of parasites and diseases that can be transmitted to humans. These include trichinosis, Taenia solium, cysticercosis, and brucellosis. Pigs are also known to host large concentrations of parasitic ascarid worms in their digestive tract. The presence of these diseases and parasites is one reason pork meat should always be well cooked or cured before eating. Today trichinellosis infections from eating undercooked pork are rare in more technologically developed countries due to refrigeration, health laws, and public awareness. Some religious groups have dietary laws that make pork an “unclean” meat, and adherents sometimes interpret these health issues as validation of their views.

Find more at : Piglet Diarrhoea

Commercial Pig Farming in Nepal

Posted: December 5, 2014 in Agriculture

Pig farming in Nepigpal is not new in Nepal it has been accepted socially and culturally by certain ethnic groups. Pig farming trend is changing gradually due to urbanization some commercial and modern pig farming practice recently started in Nepal. Pigs on the farm are raise in clean, healthy, natural environment with plenty of moving vegetable fields and sustainable pasture. Pork has a distinctive flavor good for nature, good for animal welfare, good for the economy and ultimately safer for your family to eat. The native pig breeds of Nepal are Chwanche, Hurrah, Bampudke, Pakhribas black and Dharane kalo banggur etc. Exotic breeds of pigs are imported in Nepal since 1957 A.D like Landrace, Hampshire, Duroc and Yorkshire etc.

Find more at : BREEDS

3968489866_389cbe1233_o-640x360Interaction do have a direct influence in environment by means of pollution which creates a negative impact. Pollution ultimately, increases the concentration of co2, which is the main cause of increase in temperature. Increase in pollution do means global warming. Global warming is a projected to have significant impacts on conditions affecting agriculture, including temperature, precipitation and glacial run-off. These conditions determine the carrying capacity of the biosphere to produce enough food for the human population and domesticated animals. Rising carbon dioxide levels would also have effects, both detrimental and beneficial, on crop yields. The overall effect of climate change on agriculture will depend on the balance of these effects.


Main We live in common world and share a common ground. Human interaction with natural environment can be defined as interaction between the human social system and rest of ecosystem. Interaction do have a direct influence in environment either it may be beneficial or detrimental. Human interaction with environment has always been healthy but back from few decades the situation is not same. Climate change has become a challenge to modern world. Although, the threat of global warming is real, backed by scientific evidence, most people are oblivious to this problem and their attitude towards this issue is marked by complete denial of facts. Some even share a belief that global warming is hoax and the issue is being over-hyped. But in depth truth is always truth. Climate change has been a black hole to the coming modern days.

There is a great deal of uncertainty about climate change, but there are some certainties. Average global temperatures are rising, and will continue to rise over the coming decades, whatever mitigation measures are taken, because of stocks of greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere. These rising temperatures are already having measureable impacts, on glaciers and ice caps, sea levels, and rainfall patterns, and these impacts will also increase over the next decades.

Agriculture, on which we all depend for our food, is also under threat from climate change. There is no doubt that systems worldwide will have to adapt, but while consumers may barely notice in developed countries, millions of people in developing countries face a very real and direct threat to their food security and livelihoods. Even without climate change, many agricultural systems in developing countries are nearing crisis point. Feeding a rapidly rising global population is taking a heavy toll on farmlands, rangelands, fisheries and forests. Water is becoming scarce in many regions. Climate change could be the additional stress that pushes systems over the edge.

We know that climate change will mean higher average temperatures, changing rainfall patterns and rising sea levels. There will be more, and more intense, extreme events such as droughts, floods and hurricanes. Although there is a lot of uncertainty about the location and magnitude of these changes, there is no doubt that they pose a major threat to agricultural systems. Developing countries are particularly vulnerable because their economies are closely linked to agriculture, and a large proportion of their populations depend directly on agriculture and natural ecosystems for their livelihoods. Thus, climate change has the potential to act as a ‘risk multiplier’ in some of the poorest parts of the world, where agricultural and other natural resource-based systems are already failing to keep pace with the demands on them. We humans are equally sensitive to climate, and we can expect these to change in currently unpredictable ways. Some will become prevalent in areas where they were previously unknown, when the climate becomes favourable in those areas. The danger is that there is usually low immunity to a disease, and poor knowledge of pest or disease management, in areas where they have not occurred before. Natural ecosystems are equally at risk from climate change. The natural environment is not static, and ecosystems have evolved and adapted to gradually changing environmental conditions throughout history. A fundamental challenge of climate change is its rapid pace – and plants and animals that cannot quickly adapt to new conditions or relocate to new areas will become extinct.

 The impacts of climate change will not be felt evenly across the world, and may not all be negative. Some agricultural systems, mainly at higher latitudes and higher altitudes, may benefit at least in the short term from higher temperatures. Some dry areas may get more rainfall. But the most vulnerable – the many millions of people who survive by rainfed agriculture in the drylands of Africa, the millions more who make up the world’s small-scale fishing communities, and those who make their livelihoods in low-lying regions like the Indo-Gangetic Plains, for example – look likely to face some of the most severe impacts, which will probably overwhelm their current coping capacities.

 So,only way forward in the fight against global warming is a collective effort from all of us. We can’t really retreat into myths and rely solely on environmentalists to fight this issue for us. They can tell us what dangers are lurking in the future, but it is the civil society who has to take corrective measures against this menace. Our actions in the next one or two decades will determine what kind of life our kids and grand-kids will have. As for those who want to live in climate denial, it is time to wake up from their slumber before it gets too late.

CaptureCultivation of tomatoes in the Western Development Region, especially in Rupendehi district appears to have great potential and the sub-sector is growing in terms of area expansion, value addition and market expansion. Moreover, tomato farming in the Hill districts is emerging as a highly profitable enterprise and more and more farmers are attracted towards commercial cultivation of tomato. Tomato cultivation has proved to have a high potential for employment generation at local level in general and for women and rural poor in particular. Despite these encouraging trends, the market is experiencing typical constraints of a growing and immature market.
Find out more at: TOMATO